According Wheat Food Council, “All grains start out as whole grains If, after milling, they keep all three parts of the original grain -. The seed, bran and stivelse– in their original proportions, they still qualify as whole grains.” The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) establishes guidelines for manufacturers of products that contain whole grains.
According to the FDA, manufacturers must present factual information on all labels of whole grain products. The label must accurately state the amount of whole grain in the product. For example, if the label states 100 percent whole grain, no other ingredients may be in the product. The label can also present a certain percentage, such as 20 grams of whole grains with the other ingredients. Labels can not present vague information about whole grains used. For example, the label can not state, “Gives and excellent source of whole grains.” Specific wording on the label is important. For example, whole grain flour are not the same as wheat flour. Flour has been treated to remove the bran and germ, and is therefore not a whole grain product, with the whole grain flour contains all parts of the grain.
Manufacturers of whole grain products are allowed to enter general health benefits, whole grains reduces the risk of coronary heart disease and that whole grains reduces the risk of some cancers. These statements are based on scientific evidence provided and reviewed by the FDA. Unproven claims are not allowed such as, “Whole grains cure cancer.” Scientific evidence has not shown that whole grains cure cancer, so the only accurate statement that can be made is that it has been shown to reduce the risk of cancer.
Pearling and Rolling
Grains such as barley and oats have different considerations for the concept of whole grains. The hull of barley is tough and inedible and is difficult to remove from the grain. A process called pearling is often used where the outermost layer of the barley is removed with an abrasive and this removes some of the bran. Pearl barley barley is not considered whole grains. If construction is actually the hull, it is considered a whole grain because only inedible outer layer is removed. Oats rolled considered whole grain because the process does not remove grain components as bran, germ, and starch. Rolling Oats is simply a process of flattening grain.
The “Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2005” was created by the US Department of Health and Human Services and the U. S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). The guidelines recommend three or more servings of whole grains each day as well as grain derived from whole-grain products.