Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS) is a cancer cells lining lymph -or veins. the disease is identified by purple or maroon lesions that form on the patient’s skin and usually spread to the main organs and drains, especially the mouth, nose and anus. these lesions often form without additional symptoms, and although they look painful, they usually do not cause discomfort. Kaposi’s sarcoma is a strain of Kaposi’s sarcoma herpes virus (KSHV) and is named after Dr. Moritz Kaposi, who first studied it in 1872.
there are four ways in which KS is usually treated:. radiation, chemotherapy, surgery and immunotherapy many doctors are hesitant to try chemotherapy because of the potentially harmful effects it can have on a patient already delicate immune systems. immunotherapy using interferons, which are substances that help boost the body’s immune system, which helps the body fight the virus. in those with epidemic ks, is anti-viral drugs used to combat the AIDS virus, as well as combined with other measures to combat the KSHV virus.
There are four main types of KS. epidemic or AIDS-related Kaposi’s is the disease that occurs in people who have AIDS. classical or Mediterranean influences older of the Mediterranean, Eastern European and Middle Eastern descent, usually affects men. endemic (African) inhabitants of Equatorial Africa who are not HIV-positive or suffering from AIDS. iatrogenic Kaposi’s sarcoma is the third group and also called transplant-associated KS and are among those who have had an organ transplant and as a result have a suppressed immune system to prevent rejection.