Carbohydrates are an important part of a healthy diet. They consist of sugar, starch and fiber. Our liver breaks down sugars and starches into glucose, which is the main energy source for our cells, tissues and organ function. Fiber helps prevent constipation, diverticulitis and hemorrhoids. Some carbohydrates are better for you than others.
Simple sugar is a carbohydrate found in refined sugar as sugar, candy, fudge, sugary drinks, white bread, cakes, and cookies. Milk and fruit are also carbohydrates, but the difference is that refined sugar contains no vitamins, fiber or nutrients such as calcium. Milk and fruits contain many vitamins. Products made with refined sugar does not provide adequate nutrition.
Complex sugars are carbohydrates that take longer to digest than simple sugars and is also referred to as starch. Starch is cereal, bread and cereals, crackers, pasta, rice, starchy vegetables and legumes. Unrefined grains such as whole grain breads, brown rice, whole wheat pasta, whole fruit and beans contain vitamins and minerals. Foods made with processed flour and rice do not contain many vitamins and minerals, and is therefore not the best choice in your daily food intake.
dietary fiber is non-digestible forms of carbohydrates. There are two types of soluble and insoluble. Soluble fiber regulates blood pressure, and makes the sugar to be absorbed slowly. It is found in oat bran, quinoa, barley, dried peas and beans, soya, potatoes, bananas, oranges, apples, rice, pasta and psyllium husk.
Insoluble fiber is found in whole wheat breads and cereals, brown rice, corn bran, couscous, green beans, dark green leafy vegetables and seeds. A number of both are good choices in your diet.