agenesis of the corpus callosum is a rare type of congenital brain defect where corpus callosum fails to develop properly or form at all. corpus callosum is a large bundle of nerve fibers that act as the primary way of electrical communication between the left and right hemispheres of the brain. when the structure is not completely intact, a person may have difficulty with reasoning, problem solving, interaction with others, and coordinate body movements. there is no cure for agenesis of the corpus callosum, and treatment measures are supportive in nature. with support from family, doctors and special education programs, many patients with the disease are able to lead somewhat independent lives.
severity of symptoms can vary greatly with agenesis of the corpus callosum. some infants do not show unusual design for two years or longer after birth. many young children with the condition are able to keep up with peers on such tasks as reading, talking, walking, and elementary school work. in severe cases, but infants quite obviously suffering from mental retardation, problems moving and feeding, and seizure disorders. They may have several physical deformities and life-threatening heart or lung disorders.
most milder cases of agenesis of the corpus callosum become problematic within the time children took about 10 or 11. corpus callosum is almost fully functional and developed in healthy children at that age, so they can start building skills in abstract thinking, problem solving and social interactions . children and adolescents with agenesis of the corpus callosum may not be able to develop these skills even if they are of average intelligence. they may have problems with math and critical thinking problems, empathizing with others and pick up body language and spoken cues during the conversation.
there is no specific treatment for patients who are diagnosed with agenesis of the corpus callosum. Doctors and therapists are trying to educate family members on disorder and explain what they can do to get their loved ones home life easier. some patients require around-the -clock care and monitoring, while others can lead relatively normal childhood despite their relationship. occupational therapy and counseling programs are available to help adults with the disease become productive members of their communities.