chemosis is a general term that can be used to describe an eye irritation, especially in reference to the conjunctiva, which is the mucosa covering the eyeball and the inside of the eyelid. condition is most often characterized by the appearance of fluid retention around the outer surface of the eye. this can sometimes lead to such extensive swelling that closes the eye becomes difficult.
trichinosis, a parasitic disease, a more serious condition which can cause chemosis. It can occur when a person uses raw or cooked, pork or venison infected with the larvae of a certain type of roundworm, known as Trichinella worm. chemosis may also be related to hyperthyroidism, a condition caused by an overactive thyroid gland, and sarcoidosis, a disease that can cause inflammation in organs and tissues, including the eye, lymph nodes, lungs and skin.
tuberculosis, a contagious bacterial infection which mainly affects the lungs, may also cause chemosis of the eye. Reiter’s syndrome, better known as reactive arthritis, can cause a similar eye irritation. This inflammatory condition can affect not only eye but urethra and joints also.
home treatments to relieve the discomfort of chemosis may include cool compresses over the affected eye and over-the-counter oral or topical antihistamines. condition should improve when the underlying cause is identified and treated. Patients are advised to see a doctor, especially if they experience other, more serious symptoms such as visual disturbances, difficulty breathing or fainting.