Potassium is a normal part of the human body. It is necessary for good health and normal functioning, but an overload of this drug in the system can lead to serious injuries and may even put lives at risk. Several things can cause high potassium levels in the blood from adrenal dysfunction to diabetes. The following is an attempt to distill this information and present it in an easy-to-read format so if you suspect high levels of potassium can seek medical treatment with an educated mind.
Poor adrenal function
In some cases, high potassium be caused by problems with the adrenal gland. Located near the kidney, adrenal gland produces a hormone called aldosterone, which is responsible for making the kidneys expel potassium in the urine. But if the adrenal glands are not functioning properly, a high potassium level results. Usually the cause of adrenal dysfunction Addison’s disease.
If you have been diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, you are highly likely to develop a higher potassium levels than normal. This is because diabetes adversely affects the kidneys and causes them to run at less than full capacity. Plus, a low insulin level can cause excess potassium and fluid to infiltrate the bloodstream. This is very dangerous and must be closely monitored.
If the kidneys are not working properly, then it is likely that you will develop high potassium levels. Since the kidneys excrete potassium in the urine as part of their normal functions, impaired kidney cause your body to hold onto that excess potassium. Some conditions that can lead to renal includes kidney failure and lupus nephritis.
Some drugs have the risk of developing a high potassium level listed as a side effect. Typically, drugs make the kidneys excrete less potassium, thus causing more of it to get into the bloodstream. Some of these medications include ACE inhibitors, which are commonly prescribed for the treatment of high blood pressure, and certain diuretics.
Any physical damage incurred to the body can cause a problem with potassium levels. Since red blood cells will release potassium when they die, any trauma to body tissues causing too much potassium to be released at a time more than your kidneys can not keep up with. Usually, surgery, burns and tumors are the primary culprits for damages related to high potassium levels.