Food safety is an important health issue. Consuming contaminated food or drink can cause illness or death. Around 5,000 deaths occur from foodborne diseases each year. There are many preventive measures that can be taken at home and in restaurants to avoid potentially hazardous foods
Every year there are as many as 80 million cases of foodborne illnesses in the United States. Two of the most common food-borne diseases originating from salmonella and E. coli bacteria, and can include symptoms such as bloody diarrhea, fever, abdominal cramps, anemia and renal failure. Both of these come in animals. E. coli is usually spread to humans by food or water has been contaminated with tiny amounts of cow feces.
Diseases from food put a burden on our economy that spreads beyond the health effects and resulting absence from work. The United States Department of Agriculture estimates that the seven most common foodborne diseases cause medical costs ranging from $ 6. 6 to $ 37.1 billion each year. The court system also uses time and money to manage complaints and lawsuits about diseases contracted from eating at restaurants.
There are several high-risk groups exposed to certain food borne diseases. For example, pregnant women, the elderly and people with weakened immune systems should be particularly careful to avoid listeria. Listeria, a serious infection caused by cooked animal products, found in soft cheeses, uncooked meat, sliced ??meats, alfalfa sprouts and unpasteurized juices.
Prevention at Home
Frequently wash the cooking surfaces including countertops, cutting boards and dishes, reduce the risk of disease. Use disposable wipes to clean surfaces are preferable, since bacteria can live for washcloths and other reusable cleaning supplies. Bacteria grows in damp areas, and it is important to keep everything sanitary and dry. Avoid cross-contamination between raw meat and other foods. Raw meat carries many germs and potential diseases.
It is impossible to take the same precautions in a restaurant that can be taken at home. For this reason, local health departments inspect kitchen facilities thoroughly and regularly. The most effective preventive restaurant patron can take is to be sensible to decide where to eat. Please note inspection reports to assess how clean and safe a particular restaurant.
The Center for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that customers ask that meat be cooked thoroughly and make sure that egg dishes made with pasteurized eggs.