Vitamin B12 complex (cobalamin) is water soluble and occurs naturally in fish, shellfish, meat and dairy products. . Vitamin B12 is also available as a supplement and is used to enrich certain processed foods. B12 is one of eight B vitamins that together have an effect on the metabolism of all body cells. These vitamins affect DNA synthesis (production) and Regulation (control). Vitamin B12 has a number of benefits, including maintaining healthy cells and a healthy nervous system and supports the growth and development of children.
maintain healthy cells
One of the primary functions of vitamin B12 is the creation of red blood cells. Red blood cells are the body’s way of taking oxygen from the lungs and carries it to all other cells in the body. This process is conducted through the body’s circulatory system. The oxygen transmitted by the red blood cells to other cells in the body, these cells with oxygen, or energy, they need to perform their jobs efficiently and effectively. Red blood cells also affects the color of the skin and lips.
Central Nervous System
Vitamin B12 plays an important role in the health of the nervous system. The nervous system is responsible for monitoring bodies and constructing and processing information received from the senses. Every nerve in your body is surrounded by an oily casing or sheath that protects it. This cover consists of a protein called myelin. B12 plays a critical role in chemical reactions (metabolism) which is essential for keeping myelin healthy and functional. When there is a deficiency in the level of B12 in the body, it can be severe and irreversible neurological damage.
Child Growth and Development
Vitamin B12 plays a significant role in the healthy growth and development during the period before conception (periconceptional period) and early pregnancy. Women who have the necessary levels of B12 in the body before conception and during early pregnancy are statistically less likely to deliver a baby with a neural tube defect. Neural tube defects refer to the spine, and usually has a negative impact on brain development of the fetus. Appropriate levels of B12 in the preconception period and throughout pregnancy has a positive effect on infant growth linked to cognition (learning and thinking) and social development.