Intestinal diseases include short bowel syndrome, ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease. Diseases of the intestine often inhibits the absorption of nutrients in the areas affected. Consumer B vitamins can be beneficial. B vitamins include thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, folate and vitamin B12
Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis can be treated by removing part of the intestine depending on the area where ulcers are present. Consequences of short bowel disease include impaired absorption of micronutrients.
Short bowel with a missing ileum require long-term supplementation of vitamin B12, while the removal of any other part of the small intestine, the body will most likely adapt and achieve adequate absorption.
Foods with B vitamins
B vitamins found in liver, lentils, nuts, bananas, brewer’s yeast and a variety of other grains, meat, fruit and vegetables. Vitamin B12 is found in eggs and dairy products.
Vitamin B12 is only absorbed in the terminal ileum of the intestine. When ileum is partially or completely removed, lifelong vitamin B12 supplementation is necessary. Grants may be made orally or by injection.
Lack of vitamin B12 leads to impaired cell division leads to anemia. Other B vitamin deficiency can lead to weight loss, beri beri, pellagra and dry mouth.
Supplementation of B vitamins have little or no risk. Overdose is unlikely, as the body will get rid of excess B vitamins.