Adhering to a diabetic diet helps you control your blood sugar by preventing or limiting large spikes and dips in blood sugar. A nutritious, portion-controlled diet of complex carbohydrates, proteins and healthy, undamaged fat slows digestion and the release of glucose into the bloodstream and requires the body to produce less insulin. Good blood sugar control helps eliminate or minimize common effects of diabetes, including heart disease, stroke, liver disease, blindness, nerve disorders and amputation.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is diagnosed is given when a person does not produce enough insulin to maintain normal blood glucose levels (type 1), or when a person is insulin resistant and require large amounts of insulin to maintain normal glucose levels (type 2). A type 1 diabetes must receive supplemental insulin to remain healthy, with doses calculated based on what he eats and drinks. A type 2 diabetes-the most common type-may require medication, but often can not control blood sugar through diet and exercise.
How Foods affect Blood Sugar
Carbohydrate foods include fruits, vegetables, grains, cereals, simple sugars (including honey) and milk. Eating carbohydrates affect blood sugar very quickly, in about 15 minutes. Including fibrous carbohydrates braking process, so that a high-fiber whole-grain bread will raise the blood glucose less than white bread, and a fibrous vegetables like broccoli affect sugar levels even smaller.
Protein and Fat
Proteins affect blood sugar levels about two hours after eating, and fat has almost no effect. Therefore it is important for a good diabetic diet to include a balance of protein, fat and carbohydrates at each meal or snack.
Eating a balanced Diabetic Diet
A good, simple diabetic diet includes three small meals and one or two snacks daily, because eating too much at one time also raises blood sugar. Each meal or meal should contain an appropriate amount of protein and fat, with high-fiber carbohydrates. Your doctor or dietitian can advise you on the parts you should eat for your specific circumstances. For general good health, you should choose foods in a state that is natural or minimally processed. Frying and other high-temperature cooking methods should be avoided, too.
When you eat a portion-controlled diabetes diet with balanced amounts of complex carbohydrates, proteins and undamaged, healthy fats, blood sugar rises slowly, requiring less insulin, and falls slowly. You eliminate loud spikes and low drops in blood sugar, be healthier and feel better.