Sugar substitutes are foods that mimic the sweetening properties of sugar without extra calories. It is a way of both worlds, too, so to speak. Some are natural and some are man-made, but all have their pros and cons
Saccharin was the first artificial sweetener was introduced in the market, making its debut in 1950 as an artificial sweetener that is routinely added to products such as toothpaste, and food and drink. Saccharin tend to have a bitter taste was mitigated by mixing it with other sweeteners. Saccharin has been plagued over the years with a reputation for causing cancer, particularly bladder cancer, but so far has not been implicated in some cancers involving humans.
The discovery of aspartame was totally an accident. Wile trying to develop an anti-ulcer medication, was the sweet powder spilled on hand hoping inventor. The rest is history. Aspartame has been used as a sugar substitute in a myriad of dietary products like beverages, ice cream, gelatins and so that this compound is many times sweeter than sugar, and reduces the total caloric content of the product. Since aspartame is not plagued by the same bitter aftertaste like saccharin, it is used in many more foods than saccharin. Some of the same concerns regarding cancer have been raised against aspartame raised against saccharin, aspartame but has been implicated in brain cancer instead of bladder cancer. There has been no definitive link established between the consumption of aspartame and development of cancer.
Sucralose is a sugar substitute that is actually made of sugar. Unlike saccharin and aspartame, sucralose stable when heated, making it ideal for baking and roasting. Sucralose is not directly implicated as carcinogenic substance, but concerns have been raised because of the fact that sucralose belongs to a group of compounds where several substances have been shown to cause cancer. Sucralose is different than most other sugar substitutes in that it is not stored in the body, it is not metabolized. Sucralose is excreted is much the same form as it was when consumed, thus reducing the chance of experiencing any adverse health effects of the consumer.
A few other artificial sweeteners that are under consideration for approval in the United States is xylitol and stevia, both being used in Europe with great success.
Lead acetate was a sugar substitute made of lead that was used by the ancient Romans. Frequent users of the drug will often die of lead poisoning, which causes any ban.